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Sawing/Cutting

Removing printed parts

Above: Cut parts quickly flow off of the band saw, allowing it to take on the next piece of work on a reduced timetable.

Band saws increase efficiency in additive manufacturing work cells

February 2022 - 3D printing is now a crucial part of the development process for many manufacturers. In the aerospace industry alone, the market for 3D printing is forecast to grow from $1.9 billion in 2021 to $4.7 billion by 2026, a compound annual growth rate of 19.4 percent, according to research firm MarketsandMarkets. Shorter production timelines, reduced extraneous use of materials, more control over designs and increased resilience in supply chains are just a few of the reasons why 3D printing of metal parts has become so popular.

Moving parts

As more companies explore and adopt this powerful technology, they have turned their attention toward the most efficient and cost-effective methods of completing work and moving parts along the production line. Maximizing the benefits of 3D printing generates a competitive advantage through cost and time savings.

One process change can yield a wide variety of benefits for companies that regularly use 3D printing to craft metal parts and components: a shift from electrical discharge machining (EDM) to band saws for removing printed parts from base plates. While the specifics can change from one application to the next, band saws provide proven and substantial improvements over EDM.

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An wide range of ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys can be removed from base plates with a band saw.

Flexibility

Band saws are far from a specialized use case when it comes to separating 3D printed metal parts from their base plate. A wide range of ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys can be efficiently removed from base plates by using a band saw.

EDM promotes efficiency in terms of the amount of material it removes, requiring a minimum of excess metal to separate the base plate and part. However, there are few advantages to be seen beyond this one area when compared to high-quality band saws designed for this specific purpose.

With a 3D-specific band saw, additive manufactured metal components can be removed from their base plates four to five times faster, regardless of the specific component design or the metal used. This means fewer base plates are needed, even as production increases. Multiple printers can also be serviced with one band saw, as opposed to a service ratio that can approach 1:1 with EDM machines. The lower capital and operating costs of band saws become even more valuable as production using 3D printing increases. Band saws provide a simple path to sustained savings, offering economical operations without a decrease in the quality of the cut or any other key performance metric.

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Instead of requiring nine hours for part removal with EDM, 3D-printed parts can now be removed from their base plates in about 50 minutes.

Fast ROI

A manufacturer using machinery from Behringer Saws reported that, after analyzing the costs and savings of the change, the benefits realized through the purchase of a 3D band saw—the lowered costs and related increases in efficiency—will pay for that new piece of equipment in about four months. As time goes on, having band saws in place means a significant overall reduction in the number of machines required as demand and 3D printing output increases.

• Capital investment: The cost of initially purchasing the band saw was only 40 percent of the price of an equivalently sized EDM machine.

• Consumables cost per cut: For band saws, consumables usage was about 2 percent of what had been measured previously when using EDM. These savings equated to roughly $75 per plate.

• Cut time: Sawing cut time dropped to 10 percent of what would be needed for EDM. Instead of requiring nine hours for part removal, parts can now be removed from their base plates in about 50 minutes.

• Material offset: Using band saws instead of EDM required additional material on the build plate, creating an additional cost. However, the many opportunities for savings meant this one increase was far outpaced by the sum of the benefits.

• Annualized savings: Taking all costs and savings into account, Behringer’s customer determined it saved $190 per plate, per use. In year one, annualized savings reached $320,000 with 1,600 plates processed.

Benefits of switching

A switch from EDM to band saws is straightforward. The benefits they provide will appear as soon as a saw is purchased, thanks to significantly lower capital investment costs compared to EDM. Because the hourly costs of operating an EDM machine are significantly higher than that of a band saw, ongoing savings can be realized within the first day of operation.

It is simple to install a band saw, taking only a few days. And these high-performing tools don’t require significant investment in training for operators. The necessary education is usually completed in just a day. That means band saws can quickly be put to use and start generating time and cost savings.

With band saws capable of servicing multiple printers due to their superior cutting speed, the production floor doesn’t have to accommodate as many pieces of machinery as it would with EDM. As time elapses, there are fewer pieces of equipment to acquire, service and, eventually, replace, which also keeps operational costs low longer term. More space makes it easier to keep production moving along smoothly and keeps valuable square footage free for many other types of tools and equipment.

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Band saws have the capability to replace several EDM machines.

The right tools for the job

Advanced band saw technology allows for the exacting tolerances needed for efficient and economical removal of AM parts from base plates. Not just any band saw can reliably operate in such an exacting set of conditions. A high-quality machine is vital for making exceptionally accurate cuts, which minimizes material loss and keeps associated costs manageable.

Blade squareness—the ability of a blade to track square and true—is foundational in this regard. A heavy-duty, rigid machine allows for high blade tension that enables this key quality. Behringer’s heavy-duty design supports the head of the machine rigidly, enabling greater blade tension and beam strength. Additionally, the saws feature a ball-screw, servo-driven feed, which delivers precise feed rates and chip load, enhanced rigidity, blade tension and vibration dampening characteristics along with an elimination of blade deflection.

Band saws are functionally simple and have been proven to provide key benefits in this use case. EDM, meanwhile, provides equivalent outcomes in terms of cut quality but at a higher cost—and with more complicated operational needs. Manufacturing operations that want to optimize their operations, from both a cost and throughput perspective, have a clear choice.  FFJ

Sources

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AIR FILTRATION

IRONWORKERS

NESTING SOFTWARE

SERVICE CENTERS

Camfil APC - Equipment Trilogy Machinery Inc. Metamation Inc. Admiral Steel
Camfil APC - Replacement Filters

LASER TECHNOLOGY

PLASMA TECHNOLOGY

Alliance Steel
Donaldson Company Inc. AMADA AMERICA, INC. Messer Cutting Systems Inc.

SOFTWARE

BENDING/FOLDING

Mazak Optonics Corp.

PLATE

Enmark Systems Inc.
MetalForming Inc. MC Machinery Systems Inc. Peddinghaus Lantek Systems Inc.
RAS Systems LLC Murata Machinery, USA, Inc.

PLATE & ANGLE ROLLS

SecturaSOFT

BEVELING

TRUMPF Inc. Davi Inc. SigmaTEK Systems LLC
Steelmax Tools LLC

LINEAR POSITION SENSORS

Trilogy Machinery Inc. Striker Systems

COIL PROCESSING

MTS Sensors

PRESS BRAKE TOOLING

STAMPING/PRESSES

Bradbury Group

MATERIAL HANDLING

Mate Precision Tooling AIDA-America Corp.
Burghardt + Schmidt Group EMH Crane Rolleri USA Nidec Press & Automation
Butech Bliss Fehr Warehouse Solutions Inc.

PRESS BRAKES

STEEL

Red Bud Industries UFP Industrial AMADA AMERICA, INC. Alliance Steel
Tishken

MEASUREMENT & QUALITY CONTROL

Automec Inc.

TUBE & PIPE

CONVEYOR SYSTEMS

Advanced Gauging Technologies MC Machinery Systems Inc. BLM Group
Mayfran International

METAL FABRICATION MACHINERY

SafanDarley HGG Profiling Equipment Inc.

DEBURRING/FINISHING

Cincinnati Inc.

PUNCHING

Prudential Stainless & Alloys
ATI Industrial Automation LVD Strippit Hougen Manufacturing

WATERJET

Lissmac Corp. Scotchman Industries Inc.

SAWING

Barton International
Osborn Trilogy Machinery Inc. Behringer Saws Inc. Jet Edge Waterjet Systems
SuperMax Tools

METAL FORMING

Cosen Saws Omax Corp.
Timesavers FAGOR Arrasate USA Inc. DoALL Sawing

WELDING

HYDRAULIC PRESSES

MetalForming Inc. HE&M Saw American Weldquip
Beckwood Press Co.

MICROFINISHING TOOLS

Savage Saws Strong Hand Tools
Triform Titan Tool Supply Inc.

 

T. J. Snow Company

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